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Wednesday, September 16, 2015

"A Defense of Daniel" - Part One - (The Seventy Weeks)

A Defense of Daniel – Part One
                                  
Introduction
I came across an article that attacked the book of Daniel (there have been such since ancient times). I wish to highlight what I consider to be its flaws. Since it would be too much to do in one post, take this as the first part.

The Prophecy of Weeks (Daniel 9:24-27)
Here is what the passage in question say:

“There are 70 weeks that have been determined for your people and your holy city, in order to terminate the transgression, to finish off sin, to make atonement for error, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up the vision and the prophecy, and to anoint the Holy of Holies. You should know and understand that from the issuing of the word to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem[1] until Messiah the Leader, there will be 7 weeks, also 62 weeks. She will be restored and rebuilt, with a public square and moat, but in times of distress. “And after the 62 weeks, Messiah will be cut off, with nothing for himself.[2] “And the people of a leader who is coming will destroy the city and the holy place. And its end will be by the flood. And until the end there will be war; what is decided upon is desolations. “And he will keep the covenant in force for the many for one week; and at the half of the week, he will cause sacrifice and gift offering to cease. “And on the wing of disgusting things there will be the one causing desolation; and until an extermination, what was decided on will be poured out also on the one lying desolate.” – Daniel 9:24-27

Weeks?
It is literally 70 sevens, which I suspect every skeptic would agree means 490 years. Why? Because it is 70 weeks, and with the common biblical rule “a day for a year, a day for a year” it would make sense that (even if uninspired) it means 490 years. Now that we got that out of the way let us examine what the skeptic whose article I came across claims. In his article he claims a few things:

            The Destruction of Jerusalem (when the Exile began) was in 586 BCE
            The Exile Ended in 538 BCE and lasted 49 years.
            The 7 weeks refer to this 49 years
            That the 7 Weeks are concurrent with the 62 weeks
That these “70 weeks” are for continued punishment for the sins of pre-exilic Judah.[3]
That the 62 weeks are general pagan domination, starting at the time of Jeremiahs 70 years
That the 62 weeks start in 605 BCE and end 171 BCE and the 7 weeks start 587 and end in 538[4]

He says, “To make his scheme fit real history, our author artificially broke off the seven sevens and made them concurrent with the sixty-two sevens, making them almost superfluous.” However, he assume this because he dates the “order to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem” as Jeremiah’s decree about the 70 years of Babylon destruction, which he date to 605 BCE. – Jeremiah 25:11
The problem with this is that it can hardly be said that Jeremiah’s prophecy is an order to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem. Instead it is a decree against Jerusalem. Therefore, I think that his chronology should be discarded for this reason!
Now, let me present my view. I say that the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem is the one given to Nehemiah. Some suggest that Cyrus’ decree would be the one. However, Cyrus’ decree recorded in 2 Chronicles 36:22,23 only deals with the restoration of the temple and a decree to return to Judah, so it would not fit with the full restoration of Jerusalem.
And when this decree (Nehemiah 2:1-6) went forth in 455 the 70 weeks began (that is 490 years divided into three parts). The first 7 weeks deal with the time in which Jerusalem was rebuilt in distressful times. Then the 62 weeks began in 406 and lasted until 29 CE (when Jesus was baptized and became the Messiah) and the last week began. The last week has special significance for Christians, as we will see.
In my case how long the exile began is irrelevant, but I will include some reading dealing with the 607/586/7 controversy.


            The 7 Weeks refer to a 49 year time in which Jerusalem will be rebuilt
The 62 Weeks deal with the time between that an the appearance of the Messiah
            The 7 weeks are not concurrent with the 62 weeks.
The 7 weeks are from 455 BCE – 406 BCE; the 62 weeks from 406 BCE – 29 CE
            The 70 weeks are not to atone for the sins of pre-exilic Judah

Punishment?
            Our Skeptic says: “The angel Gabriel again appears and reveals that the seventy years are in reality seventy weeks of years upon the completion of which justice will be done and the temple reconsecrated,” and in interpreting Daniel 9:24-27, “there shall be seven weeks [49 years, 587-538], during which Jerusalem lay in ruins, concurrent with the sixty-two weeks.”
            If we read the passage, then we don’t see any reinterpretation, but rather a new decree. Gabriel does not say, “know that 70 years of desolation means 70 weeks,” but rather the explicit mention that the 70 years which, according to Daniel, were to fulfill the desolation of Jerusalem (which refutes any biblical argument that the exile lasted less than 70 years). If the scriptures explicitly said 70 years of desolation was the punishment for pre-exilic Judah then there couldn’t be 490 more years to do so.
            This is where scriptures, such as those found in Isaiah 53, help us get a sense of what is meant biblically by “finish of sin.” Carried in this message of Gabriel is the indication that sin itself is to be finished and everlasting righteousness is to be brought in because of these 70 weeks.

 “Truly he himself carried our sicknesses, And he bore our pains. But we considered him as plagued, stricken by God and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgression; He was crushed for our errors. He bore the punishment for our peace, And because of his wounds we were healed.” – Isaiah 53:4,5

And he was given a burial place with the wicked, And with the rich in his death, Although he had done no wrong And there was no deception in his mouth.” – Isaiah 53:9

“Because of his anguish, he will see and be satisfied. By means of his knowledge the righteous one, my servant, Will bring a righteous standing to many people,[5] And their errors he will bear.” – Isaiah 53:11

Here the servant of Jehovah is presented as a guilt offering. But no such offering was given under the Mosaic law. Neither was any decree for a priesthood like that of Melchizedek’s. Strong indication that a the sin covered here was more than what the Mosaic Law Covenant could address, and that a new covenant (say like the one Jeremiah mentioned) would appear.
The Mosaic Covenant did address what happened to Judah in the exile (Daniel 9:12,13), so it follows that more than the guilt of pre-exilic Judah will be ended in connection with these new 70 weeks. Center to which is the Messiah the leader, of course.

Messiah?
He asserts that this Messiah is Onias III, saying “In the year 171 BC, High Priest Onias III was assassinated. He is "an anointed one, a prince" who was "cut off" at the end of the sixty-two weeks and the beginning of the final week.”[6] Now can Onias III fit the description of the Messiah the Prince?
The skeptic argues that it doesn’t refer to the Messiah in the terms that we typically understand, but to an anointed one. There is some credibility to this. He goes on, “This usage finds parallels elsewhere in the Hebrew Bible. The high priest is called an anointed one in Leviticus 4:3,5,16; 6:22 [and] Exodus 28:41; 29:7; 30:30; 40:13-15; Leviticus 6:20; 7:36; 8:12; 16:32; Number 3:3; 35:35; Zechariah 4:11-14; 2 Maccabees 1:10.” But the limit to the credibility is this, something he “conveniently” left out: The High Priests are only messiahs in a limited way that is as “anointed priests.”
Similarly when addressing why a priest, not normally called leader, was called such he says that it isn’t without precedent. He says, “the high priest is called a nagid or "prince" in Daniel 9:25. This usage finds parallels in 1 Chronicles 9:11,2; 12:27; 26:24; 2 Chronicles 31:12-13; 35:8; Nehemiah 11:11; Jeremiah 20:1; Daniel 11:22.” Again, however, it is in a qualified sense. What are they “nagidim” (princes/leaders) over? Over the storehouse, or over the house of God, or over divisions of priests, but not in the way that this Messiah is being presented. So how is the Messiah presented?
We don’t even need to look further than the book of Daniel to see how he appears before God and is given authority to rule forever. This, of course, harkens back to prophecies made by Jacob to Judah and Nathan to David and to one made by Ezekiel. They present a unified picture of a ruler who has the right to rule and who is the last one to rule and does so forever, having been given his power by God.

 “The scepter will not depart from Judah, neither the commander’s staff from between his feet, until Shiloh [him who it belongs to] comes, and to him the obedience of the peoples will belong.” – Genesis 49:10

“[The Davidic Dynasty] will be firmly established forever.” – 2 Samuel 7:16

 “Remove the turban, and take off the crown. This will not remain the same. Raise up the low one, and bring low the high one. A ruin, a ruin, a ruin I will make it. And it will not belong to anyone until the one who has the legal right comes, and I will give it to him.” – Ezekiel 21:26,27

“I kept watching in the visions of the night, and look! with the clouds of the heavens, someone like a son of man was coming; and he gained access to the Ancient of Days, and they brought him up close before that One. 14 And to him there were given rulership, honor, and a kingdom, that the peoples, nations, and language groups should all serve him. His rulership is an everlasting rulership that will not pass away, and his kingdom will not be destroyed.” – Daniel 7:13,14

Does Onais III fill this role of Shiloh, as a king-priest, and as David’s descendants who is given his power by Jehovah to rule forever? No! The very fact that Onias III is the high preist indicates that he is not one of David’s descendants and that his priesthood is not like Melchizedek’s! For who the Son of Man is I recommend letting Gabriel explain it in the gospels.

“This one will be great and will be called Son of the Most High, and Jehovah God will give him the throne of David his father, and he will rule as King over the house of Jacob forever, and there will be no end to his Kingdom.” – Luke 1:32,33

Therefore the Messiah of Daniel 9 was not a mere high priest, but one who was David’s lord, son and heir, a priest who himself officiated a new high priesthood and a new covenant after he brought an end to sin. But how can we identify this Messiah?

Which Decree?
As mentioned before the skeptic asserts that the prophecy’s decree to rebuild Jerusalem was given by Jeremiah in 605. However Jeremiah simply prophesized of the destruction of Judah and Jerusalem. Cyrus only decreed for Jews to build the temple and some went. Of course they build houses and built the temple, thanks in part to Ezra, but the walls of Jerusalem were not yet built and it had no gates and few people were living in it. So Nehemiah asked Artaxerxes to rebuild it, and in 455 Nehemiah received that commission. This is the basis for the chronology I mentioned earlier.

Covenant?
According to our skeptic it was the one who is to come who makes the covenant, whom he identifies as Antiochus Epiphanes. However seeing as the basis for his chronology is off it cannot be him. Further it isn’t necessarily the one who is coming to destroy Jerusalem that has anything to do with the covenant (which could be making, or affirming a pre-existing covenant, but not necessarily making a new one).
Also our skeptic changes “in the middle of the week he shall make sacrifices cease” to “and for half of the week . . . he shall cause sacrifice offering to cease,” to harmonize with his Antiochus interpretation. However Gabriel’s prophecy doesn’t neccesarily limit the ceastation of offerings to 3.5 years. In fact, considering Isaiah 53 and the “everlasting righteousness” that is being brought in, it is likely a permanent end to offerings.[7]
I argue that it is Messiah who affirms the covenant with the many (Jews). It cannot be the Mosaic Law Covenant, because this covenant is rendered useless at the middle of the 70th week and the covenant. Of course this is not the only covenant made in the Bible, we have the Abrahamic Covenant which bestowed favor on the sons of Abraham (which, while not the only sons of Abraham, are identified as Israel[8]). We see that at first the preaching of the good news by Jesus was limited to Israelits, with rare exception, and even after the Great Comission it was directed toward Jews and those who had made themselves Jews by becoming prosyeletes. However in 36 CE Cornelius, who was not a proselyte, yet still a fearer of God, was baptized and given holy spirit, thus “God for the first time turned his attention to the nations to take out of them a people [“Israel”] for his name.” (Acts 15:14) This of course was hinted to by the promise made to Abraham, namely, ‘all nations shall bless themselves by means of you.’
This end of the 490 years marked the time when salvation as open to Gentiles, now sin already being paid for was joined by everlasting righteousness. Yet, it would not go well for Jerusalem.

Destruction?
Our skeptics says that Jerusalem’s destrcuton by Titus couldn’t fit under our model, and why? He says, “The problem here is that the fall of Jerusalem lies thirty-seven years outside of the seventy-weeks scheme.” And “Another problem with this interpretation is that the Hebrew word here translated in verse 26 as "destroy" is shakhat. In its various grammatical forms, it only means to "mar," "injure," "spoil," "ruin," "pervert," or "corrupt." This can easily refer to the trashing of Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes, but not to Titus' razing of Jerusalem and its Temple to the ground.”
First of all Gabriel never said that the one who is to come would destroy Jerusalem within the seventy week scheme, but rather after the 62 weeks (after the 69th week). And by listing it after the Messiah’s being cut off we can conclude that he would come after his death. The main point being that it was never said to occur during the 70 week scheme!
But what kind of destruction? The word, admittedly, does not have to mean destruction, but contrary to what this skeptic says, it can be translated as such. And even when it is rendered as “ruin” in Psalm 78:38 it carries the thought of a complete annihilation (similar to what happened to Jerusalem under Titus).

“But he was merciful; He would forgive their error and not bring them to ruin. He often held back his anger Instead of stirring up all his wrath.” – Psalm 78:38 (See Exodus 32:10)

In Psalm 78:38 it says that he didn’t ruin (yaš·î, from shachath) and in Exodus he, while testing Moses, offered to exterminate them, but upon Moses’ request he didn’t. The link between exterminate (which is far more than trashing) and ruin/destroy is clear.

Tradtional Interpretation
The traditional interpretation which he cites is:

Know therefore and understand that from the going forth of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince [Joshua son of Jehozadak, the first high priest after the Exile], there shall be seven weeks [49 years, 587-538 BC, during which Jerusalem lay in ruins]. Then for sixty-two weeks [538-171 BC, nominally 434 years, though the actual time span was 367 years] it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time.

This interpretation is flawed because, like the skeptic’s own, it starts off with the incorrect decree and assumes that the Messiah is a high priest and unnecessarily assumes that there are two messiahs, Joshua and Onias III.

Endnotes
For further reading about the 70 weeks go here: (http://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200003915)

For information regarding the 20th year of Artaxerxes:

HISTORIANS disagree regarding the year in which the reign of Persian King Artaxerxes began. Some have placed his accession year in 465 B.C.E. because his father, Xerxes, started to rule in 486 B.C.E. and died in the 21st year of his reign. But there is evidence that Artaxerxes ascended to the throne in 475 B.C.E. and began his first regnal year in 474 B.C.E.

Inscriptions and sculptures unearthed at the ancient Persian capital Persepolis indicate a coregency between Xerxes and his father, Darius I. If this covered 10 years and Xerxes ruled alone for 11 years after Darius died in 486 B.C.E., the first year of Artaxerxes’ reign would have been 474 B.C.E.

A second line of evidence involves Athenian General Themistocles, who defeated Xerxes’ forces in 480 B.C.E. He later fell out of favor with the Greek people and was accused of treason. Themistocles fled and sought protection at the Persian court, where he was well received. According to the Greek historian Thucydides, this happened when Artaxerxes had but “lately come to the throne.” The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus puts the death of Themistocles at 471 B.C.E. Since Themistocles requested a year to learn Persian before having an audience with King Artaxerxes, he must have arrived in Asia Minor no later than 473 B.C.E. That date is supported by Jerome’s Chronicle of Eusebius. As Artaxerxes had “lately come to the throne” when Themistocles arrived in Asia in 473 B.C.E., German scholar Ernst Hengstenberg stated in his Christology of the Old Testament that Artaxerxes’ reign commenced in 474 B.C.E., as do other sources. He added: “The twentieth year of Artaxerxes is the year 455 before Christ.”

For further reading about 607 go here: http://www.jehovahsjudgment.co.uk/607/




[1] Nehemiah 2:1-6; 455 BCE for the purpose of this article.

[2] Isaiah 53:12; Also, Isaiah 53 will be important for this discussion, as you will see.
[3] The skeptic says: “However, our author apparently believed that seventy years of desolation and Babylonian rule in Judah were not enough to atone for the sins of pre-Exilic Jerusalem.” By doing so he also goes along with the general scholarly consensus that 70 years was not for an exile, but for punishment (meaning the exile, here 49 years) was part of a period of “70 years” (69 years to be exact (605-537)) of domination by Babylon.

[4] He says, “Three prophetic periods overlap in an interlocking pattern. The sixty-two weeks of Daniel are probably the period of general pagan dominion over the Holy Land from 605 to 171 BC. The "seventy years" of Jeremiah are the sixty-seven-year period of Babylonian dominion over the Holy Land from 605 to 538 BC. The "seven weeks" or 49 years of Daniel are the time that the Babylonians left Jerusalem in ruins from 587 to 538 BC.”
[5] See Romans 5:18

[6] The prophecy doesn’t necessarily say that the Messiah would die right after the 62 weeks ended, but after. According to my (Jehovah’s Witnesses’) interpretation of this prophesy, the exact time (after the end of the 62 weeks) at which the Messiah dies is identified as the middle of the 70th week.
[7] Jesus didn’t make the offerings cease, but he did invalidate them and the need for the Mosaic Law Covenant. As said in the scriptures they were weak and (at the time) near to passing away. They of course did pass away in 70 CE long after they were rendered useless. Therefore, I assert, that Jesus did fulfill the requirement to end offerings.

[8] See Galatians 3:7; Romans 9:6,7

Tuesday, September 15, 2015

The Messiah

I want to review some of the points made:

  • The Messiah will be a davidic descendant
  • The Messiah will be a king-priest 
  • His priesthood by being different from Aaron's (at the very least) suggests a new law covenant
  • The Messiah will bear our sins and pay for them (which at the very least) suggests a perfect man 
  • The Messiah, thogh killed, will "prolong his days" and "see his children" (which suggests a resurrection and figurative childrrn, which alludes to the title "Eternal Father," and the perfect Father of our race, Adam)
  • The Messiah appears before God (in person)
  • Jehovah is very involved with the Messiah
These points, I think, are going to be crucial to understanding the Messiah in Daniel 9:24-27, specifically how it could not mean any thing that secular historians or sceptics mean and what sin will be finished during the 70 years (and why it is not just the sins of pre-exilic Judah). 

After I release my Defense of Daniel's Prophecy of weeks tomorrow I will prepare for my other defenses of Daniel.

Monday, September 14, 2015

Scriptures Concerning the “Offspring” - Part Four

Of the Nature of the “Offspring”

Hebrews 7:26
For it is fitting for us to have such a high priest who is loyal, innocent, undefiled, separated from the sinners, and exalted above the heavens.

Isaiah 53:9,10
And he was given a burial place with the wicked, And with the rich in his death, Although he had done no wrong And there was no deception in his mouth. 10 But it was Jehovah’s will to crush him, and he let him become sick. If you will present his life as a guilt offering, He will see his offspring, he will prolong his days, And through him the delight of Jehovah will have success. (He died, yet he took the place of Adam and thereby redeemed any of Adam’s descendants who would follow him. Further it indicates that he would see this, so he had to be resurrected.)

Isaiah 53:12
For that reason I will assign him a portion among the many, And he will apportion the spoil with the mighty, Because he poured out his life even to death And was counted among the transgressors; He carried the sin of many people, And he interceded for the transgressors. (He did not die for his own sins.)

Hebrews 9:14
how much more will the blood of the Christ, who through an everlasting spirit offered himself without blemish to God, cleanse our consciences from dead works so that we may render sacred service to the living God?
Daniel 7:13
I kept watching in the visions of the night, and look! with the clouds of the heavens, someone like a son of man was coming; and he gained access to the Ancient of Days, and they brought him up close before that One.


Red: The sinlessness of “the servant.”
Green: What “the servant” / the Christ did

Blue: Result to the “servant” / High PriestOf the Nature of the “Offspring”

Hebrews 7:26
For it is fitting for us to have such a high priest who is loyal, innocent, undefiled, separated from the sinners, and exalted above the heavens.

Isaiah 53:9,10
And he was given a burial place with the wicked, And with the rich in his death, Although he had done no wrong And there was no deception in his mouth. 10 But it was Jehovah’s will to crush him, and he let him become sick. If you will present his life as a guilt offering, He will see his offspring, he will prolong his days, And through him the delight of Jehovah will have success. (He died, yet he took the place of Adam and thereby redeemed any of Adam’s descendants who would follow him. Further it indicates that he would see this, so he had to be resurrected.)

Isaiah 53:12
For that reason I will assign him a portion among the many, And he will apportion the spoil with the mighty, Because he poured out his life even to death And was counted among the transgressors; He carried the sin of many people, And he interceded for the transgressors. (He did not die for his own sins.)

Hebrews 9:14
how much more will the blood of the Christ, who through an everlasting spirit offered himself without blemish to God, cleanse our consciences from dead works so that we may render sacred service to the living God?
Daniel 7:13
I kept watching in the visions of the night, and look! with the clouds of the heavens, someone like a son of man was coming; and he gained access to the Ancient of Days, and they brought him up close before that One.


Red: The sinlessness of “the servant.”
Green: What “the servant” / the Christ did
Blue: Result to the “servant” / High Priest

Sunday, September 13, 2015

Scriptures Concerning the “Offspring” - Part Three

The Benefits of His Reign as King-Priest and the New Covenant

Jeremiah 31:31-34
“Look! The days are coming,” declares Jehovah, “when I will make with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah a new covenant. It will not be like the covenant that I made with their forefathers on the day I took hold of their hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, ‘my covenant that they broke, although I was their true master,’ declares Jehovah.” “For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares Jehovah. “I will put my law within them, and in their heart I will write it. And I will become their God, and they will become my people.” “And they will no longer teach each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know Jehovah!’ for they will all know me, from the least to the greatest of them,” declares Jehovah. “For I will forgive their error, and I will no longer remember their sin.”

Matthew 26:27
And taking a cup, he offered thanks and gave it to them, saying: “Drink out of it, all of you, for this means my ‘blood of the covenant,’ which is to be poured out in behalf of many for forgiveness of sins.”

Hebrews 8:7
If that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no need for a second.

Hebrews 7:25
So he is able also to save completely those who are approaching God through him, because he is always alive to plead for them.

Jeremiah 31:34
And they will no longer teach each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know Jehovah!’ for they will all know me, from the least to the greatest of them,” declares Jehovah. “For I will forgive their error, and I will no longer remember their sin.”

Isaiah 53:4-6
Truly he himself carried our sicknesses, And he bore our pains. But we considered him as plagued, stricken by God and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgression; He was crushed for our errors. He bore the punishment for our peace, And because of his wounds we were healed. Like sheep we have all wandered about, Each has turned his own way, And Jehovah has caused the error of us all to meet up with him.

Isaiah 53:11
By means of his knowledge the righteous one, my servant, Will bring a righteous standing to many people, And their errors he will bear.

Hebrews 10:10
By this “will” we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all time.

1 Corinthians 15:26
And the last enemy, death, is to be brought to nothing.

Genesis 3:15
And I [Jehovah] will put enmity between you and the woman and between your offspring and her offspring. He will crush your [Satan’s] head, and you will strike him in the heel.

Green: What the “New Covenant” is not

Grey: Benefits coming though the “offspring.”

Saturday, September 12, 2015

Scriptures Concerning the “Offspring” - Part Two

His Priesthood

Psalm 110:4
Jehovah has sworn an oath, and he will not change his mind: “You [David’s Lord / the “offspring”] are a priest forever In the manner of Mel·chizʹe·dek!

Hebrews 7:11-14
If, then, perfection was attainable through the Levitical priesthood (for it was a feature of the Law that was given to the people), what further need would there be for another priest to arise who is said to be in the manner of Mel·chizʹe·dek and not in the manner of Aaron? For since the priesthood is being changed, it becomes necessary to change the Law as well. For the man about whom these things are said came from another tribe, from which no one has officiated at the altar. For it is clear that our Lord has descended from Judah, yet Moses said nothing about priests coming from that tribe.

Hebrews 7:22-28
Jesus has accordingly become the guarantee of a better covenant. Furthermore, many had to become priests in succession because death prevented them from continuing as such, but because he continues alive forever, his priesthood has no successors. So he is able also to save completely those who are approaching God through him, because he is always alive to plead for them. For it is fitting for us to have such a high priest who is loyal, innocent, undefiled, separated from the sinners, and exalted above the heavens. Unlike those high priests, he does not need to offer up sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, because he did this once for all time when he offered himself up. 28 For the Law appoints as high priests men who have weaknesses, but the word of the oath sworn after the Law appoints a son, who has been made perfect forever.

Light Blue: Things concerning the priesthood of the “offspring.”
Underlined: Repercussions of the new priesthood
Italicized: Reasons for the change.

Golden-Yellow: Culmination of the change

Friday, September 11, 2015

Scriptures Concerning the “Offspring” - Part One

I have prepared a pretty exhaustive list of scriptures that identify the Messiah, also known as the Offspring, the Christ, My [Jehovah's] Servant, our High Priest (after the manner of Melchizedek), or the Christ. The reason for my doing so is two fold.

The first reason is to help show why Onais III or any other Aaronic priest could not fit the role of Messiah the Leader as described in Daniel 9. And to show what "sin" was to be finished off within the 70 years. Secondly I wished to prove from the scriptures that only Jesus could fit this description.

I am working on my defense of Daniel's "Prophecy of Weeks," and in order to understand it it is necessary to understand related prophecies. I have prepared a list, of which I will be posting from until I release my essay "A Defense of Daniel's Prophecy of Week" soon. This list will be released in sections.

His Reign

Genesis 3:15
And I [Jehovah] will put enmity between you and the woman and between your offspring and her offspring. He will crush your [Satan’s] head, and you will strike him in the heel.

Genesis 22:18
And by means of your [Abraham’s first, then Isaac’s, then Jacobs’] offspring all nations of the earth will obtain a blessing for themselves because you have listened to my voice. (This promise for an offspring was passed to Isaac and Jacob.)

Genesis 49:10
The scepter will not depart from Judah, neither the commander’s staff from between his feet, until Shiʹloh [he whose it is] comes, and to him the obedience of the peoples will belong. (Note that there is no one after Shiloh, so Shiloh’s dominion is the last one and forever. Further the promise is now passed to Judah.)

2 Samuel 7:11-16
Also, Jehovah has told you [David] that Jehovah will make a house for you [David]. When your days come to an end and you are laid to rest with your forefathers, then I will raise up your offspring after you, your own son, and I will firmly establish his kingdom. He is the one who will build a house for my name, and I will firmly establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will become his father, and he will become my son. When he does wrong, I will reprove him with the rod of men and with the strokes of the sons of men. My loyal love will not be taken away from him the way I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you. Your house and your kingdom will be secure forever before you; your throne will be firmly established forever. (The promise is now passed to David.)

Psalm 2:7-12
Let me proclaim the decree of Jehovah; He said to me: “You are my son; Today I have become your father. Ask of me, and I will give nations as your inheritance And the ends of the earth as your possession. You will break them with an iron scepter, And you will smash them like a piece of pottery.” So now, you kings, show insight; Accept correction, you judges of the earth. Serve Jehovah with fear, And rejoice with trembling. Honor the son, or God will become indignant And you will perish from the way, For His anger flares up quickly. Happy are all those taking refuge in Him.

Psalm 110:1-7
Jehovah declared to my [David’s] Lord: “Sit at my right hand Until I [Jehovah] place your enemies as a stool for your feet.” Jehovah will extend the scepter of your power out of Zion, saying: “Go subduing in the midst of your enemies.” Your people will offer themselves willingly on the day of your military force. In splendid holiness, from the womb of the dawn, You have your company of young men just like dewdrops. Jehovah has sworn an oath, and he will not change his mind: “You are a priest forever In the manner of Mel·chizʹe·dek!” Jehovah will be at your right hand; He will crush kings on the day of his anger. He will execute judgment against the nations; He will fill the land with dead bodies. He will crush the leader of a vast land. He will drink from the stream along the road. Therefore, he will hold his head high.

Ezekiel 21:25-27
But your day has come, O fatally wounded, wicked chieftain of Israel, the time of your final punishment. This is what the Sovereign Lord Jehovah says: ‘Remove the turban, and take off the crown. This will not remain the same. Raise up the low one, and bring low the high one. A ruin, a ruin, a ruin I will make it. And it will not belong to anyone until the one who has the legal right comes, and I will give it to him.

Daniel 7:13,14
“I kept watching in the visions of the night, and look! with the clouds of the heavens, someone like a son of man was coming; and he gained access to the Ancient of Days, and they brought him up close before that One. And to him there were given rulership, honor, and a kingdom, that the peoples, nations, and language groups should all serve him. His rulership is an everlasting rulership that will not pass away, and his kingdom will not be destroyed.

Luke 1:30-33
Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And look! you will become pregnant and give birth to a son, and you are to name him Jesus. This one will be great and will be called Son of the Most High, and Jehovah God will give him the throne of David his father, and he will rule as King over the house of Jacob forever, and there will be no end to his Kingdom.

Purple: What Jehovah does
Black: Ancestor of the “offspring.”
Red: Subjects of the offspring / people effected by the offspring.
Yellow: Right of the “offspring” to rule.
Green: Length of the rule of the “offspring” and his kingdom.
Underlined: Objects denoting regal power.

Italicized: How the “offspring” gets his rule.