Monday, August 24, 2015

Are Hebrews, James, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John and Jude Authentic? - First Thoughts

Hebrews, James, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John and Jude
This is a continuation of a series of refutations against a list published by a person claiming to be one of Jehovah's Witnesses (but who is not) who attacked the Bible. My Words are in bold. (Also The Self-Harmony of the Bible can be found in the downloads page, a link to which is on the right.)

1)     The book of Hebrews also contains some texts that cannot be considered as part of the authentic word of God. Its writer is unknown. So are the writers of many psalms, and the author of many books and yet in a way the writer is no unknown, for God inspired it.

2)    It quotes Psalm 45:6, 7 in Hebrews 1:8, 9. This Psalm talks of the king marrying foreign women, and according to the Scriptures, that practice is unlawful and a sin. Addressed here:

3)    Hebrews 12:21 says: "Also, the display was so terrifying that Moses said: “I am afraid and trembling."" This statement cannot be authenticated by any part of Genesis. Well maybe if you weren’t looking in the wrong book you’d find Deuteronomy 9:19. Further if it wasn’t in the first five books, would that mean Moses didn’t say it? No.

4)    The book of James can also not be considered authentic. James 3:6 says that the tongue is set aflame by Gehenna. But at Luke 12:5, Jesus used Gehenna to stand for everlasting destruction. This is figurative to show the wickedness that can and has and will be done by the tongue!

5)    James 4:5 says: "Or do you think that for no reason the scripture says: “The spirit that has taken up residence within us keeps enviously longing”?" This supposed quote does not appear in any part of the Scriptures. It is an interpolation. It is a summary of many scripture not a quotation.

6)    1, 2 and 3 John seem to have been written by the same author, who is unknown. Pointless.

7)    1 John 1:8 says: "If we make the statement, “We have no sin,” we are misleading ourselves and the truth is not in us." However, the same book says in 1 John 3:9: "Everyone who has been born from God does not practice sin, for His seed remains in such one, and he cannot practice sin, for he has been born from God." These two statements are contradictory. In fact, the latter is false, because all imperfect humans sin.-Romans 3:23. See The Self-Harmony of the Bible.

8)   Jude 9 cannot be authenticated by any part of the Scriptures. Jude 14, 15 also contains a text which seems to be a quotation from Genesis, but it cannot be found there. It says: "Yes, the seventh one in line from Adam, E′noch, also prophesied about them when he said: “Look! Jehovah came with his holy myriads to execute judgment against all, and to convict all the ungodly concerning all their ungodly deeds that they did in an ungodly way, and concerning all the shocking things that ungodly sinners spoke against him.”" However, it does not appear in Genesis. Before Genesis was written it was nowhere to be found, so is Genesis wrong? No, for Jehovah inspired it just as he inspired Jude to know what Enoch said while he was under inspiration.


  1. Hi Sean, I have one observation for point 8. Jude 14, 15 contains a text which seems to be a quotation from 1 Enoch 1:9, a pseudepigraphal book produced during the Second Temple period.

    My solution is that this "quote" from Enoch was harmonious with what the historical Enoch said, and thus Jehovah allowed its inclusion guiding Jude with his holy spirit. It appears to me that 1 Enoch was a very popular book in the First Century CE, but I don't see any reason to think that Jude accepted the entire production known today as 1 Enoch.

    See my appendix article "Jude and the Archangels of 1 Enoch" in my blog entry "Who did Jesus say he was?"

    1. I agree. It is the case with Paul's quotations (e.g "We are all his progeny"). They originated from books that Paul would find offensive, yet were true. Truth is truth regardless from where it comes from.


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